Alphabet and prononciation – beta

Note: As it said in the title, this alphabet is under construction. It’ll be the case since I saw if its alphabet work in time. The pronunciation satisfy me for the moment, it should stay the same, and the number of letter too. The alphabetical order (and the numerical value) will probably change, as for the « original » script, who will change a lot. Here, you can see a new alphabet in which I am working (but it isn’t the final alphabet).

Note 2: I use a lot the international phonetic alphabet. I’ll write an article in which I’ll explain it. It is possible that it’ll not correctly be displayed. I am seeking for solutions.

Overview

Gelota have 25 consonants and 8 vowels (diphthongs are impossible). Gelota is generally written with its own alphabet, that you will find in the left column of the table. The computers doesn’t allow to write it: I created a transliteration. The consonants are written in upper-case and the vowels in lower-case (in long texts, this rule isn’t compulsory: I use this rule here in a didactic purpose). For example, « I am » is write « « , but its transliteration is « FaGaDa ». In its original alphabet, the Gelota is write from right to left (as Hebrew), but its transliteration is write from left to right (as English). When the transliteration needs diacritics or rare letters, you will see an alternative (for example, « HH » for « Ĥ »).

Consonants

Letter Pronunciation Transliteration Numerical value
(in base 7)
/b/ B 0
/t͡s/ C 1
/t͡ʃ/ Ĉ
(CH)
2
/d/ D 3
/ð/ Ð
(DH)
4
/f/ F 5
/d͡f/
(FH)
6
/g/ G 10
/h/ in the beginning of a word;
/ʔ/ elsewhere.
H 20
/x/ Ĥ
(HH)
30
/ʒ/ J 40
/k/ K 50
/l/ L 60
/m/ M 100
/n/ N 200
/p/ P 300
/r/ R 400
/d͡r/
(RH)
500
/s/ S 600
/ʃ/ Ŝ
(SH)
1000
/t/ T 2000
/v/ V 3000
/k͡s/ X 4000
/z/ Z 5000
/d͡z/
(ZH)
6000

To summarize, we can say that the consonants in Gelota are pronounced as in English, except for:

  • « C » is pronounced « ts » (/t͡s/), as in « Tsar »;
  • « G » is always pronounced hard, as in « game » (/g/), and NEVER soft as in « giant » (/dʒ/) or « rouge » (/ʒ/);
  • « R » is rolled (/r/), as « curve » in Scottish English or in Italian « terra »;
  • « S »  is always pronounced as in « sand » (/s/) and NEVER as in « rose » (/z/).

If Gelota have some existent English letters with different pronunciation, it have other letters too:

  • « Ĉ » is pronounced « tch » as in « bleach » (/t͡ʃ/);
  • « Ð » is pronounced as the « th » of  the (/ð/) and NOT that of « thin » (/θ/);
  • « Ḟ », is pronounced « dff » (/d͡f/) or, if it’s too hard, « tff » (/t͡f/);
  • « Ĥ » is very guttural, as the Scottish English « loch« , the German « ach » or the Spanish « jota » (/x/);
  • « Ṙ » is pronounced as in « dragon » (/d͡r/, with a rolled r);
  • « Ŝ » is pronounced as in « sheep » (/ʃ/);
  • « Ẑ » is pronounced « dzz ».

The numerical value may seem surprising, because no number exceeds 6. This is explained by the use of the base 7 in Gelota; this fact will be explained in the posts devoted to the numbers.

Vowels

There are 8 vowels (in red) :

Letter Pronunciation
Example
Transliteration
/a/
hat
a
/ɛ/
bed
e
/i/
free
i
/o/
go
o
/u/
boot
u
/ɔ̃/ ō
or ô or oi
/ɛ̃/ ā
or â or ai
/ø/ ē
or ê or eu

The three last vowels are non-existent in English. ɔ̃ is as the French « bon« . You can heard it here: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Fr-on.ogg. ɛ̃ is as the French « faim« . You can heard it here: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Fr-Un-fr_FR-Paris.ogg. ø is as the German « schön ». You can heard it here: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Close-mid_front_rounded_vowel.ogg.

The transliteration is complicated by the fact that there are just 5 vowels-letters in the Roman alphabet. The three other are represented by a vowel with a macron: you have to remember that ō isn’t a long o, but a completely other letter and a completely other sound. Since the macron isn’t always available, you can replace it by a circumflex accent (ō = ô); when neither is available, two vowels can replace it (ō = oi).

Name of the letters

All letters have a name. For consonants, its their pronunciation with « -o ». E.g., « B » is called « Bo ». The name of the vowels is the sound « H » with the pronunciation of the vowel. E.g., « a » is called « Ha ». « H » and « o » have the same name; if you have to differentiate « H » and « o », you can say « Ho-KeSoNa » for « H » (Ho-consonant) and « Ho-VeGoTa » for « o » (Ho-vowel).

Stress

The stress is always in the central syllable of the root (the second in the rare two-syllable roots). FaGaDa its pronounced [faˈgada]. When several words are composed, the most important stress go in the last word, and a secondary accent go in the other words. E.g., NāZiTa-FeHiTa, the hanky, is pronounced [nɛ̃ˌzita.fɛˈʔita].

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